The Junkers Ju 52 was developed by chief designer Ernst Zindel as a successor to the successful Junkers W 33 and Junkers W 34 transport aircraft. Its development began in the late 1920s as an enlarged version of the previous types. This aircraft took off for the first time on October 13, 1930.
Only five of the original single-engine models were built, and the first 13 to 17 Ju 52/3ms were delivered to Bolivian Airlines in 1932. The Ju 52/3m, which was originally designed as a transport aircraft, also began flying with the German national carrier, Deutsche Lufthansa, in 1932-1933